By Jehangir Hospital
Hypertension (or high blood pressure or BP) is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against the walls of our blood vessels eventually leads to ailments such as heart problems. There are two ways to determine blood pressure: one, by the amount of blood the heart pumps and the second the amount of resistance to blood flow in the blood vessels. The relationship between blood pressure and heart disease risk has been established in men and women of all ages, regardless of cultural, social or economic boundaries.
The body produces a surge of hormones when one is in a stressful situation. These hormones temporarily increase the blood pressure by causing the heart to beat faster and the blood vessels to narrow. There's no proof that stress by itself causes long-term high blood pressure. Anxiety doesn't cause long-term high blood pressure (hypertension). But repeated episodes of anxiety can cause dramatic, temporary spikes the blood pressure. If those temporary spikes occur frequently, such as every day, they can cause damage to the blood vessels, heart and kidneys, and can develop into chronic high blood pressure.
Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease. Unmanaged hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems. Lifestyle factors are the best way to address high blood pressure
Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected and there are many ways to control it. Most of the people who have high blood pressure will present with no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. The symptoms of high blood pressure aren't specific and usually don't occur until high BP reaches life-threatening stage.
There are two types of high blood pressure- Primary Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension.
High blood pressure has many risk factors, including:
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:
Recommended Lifestyle Modifications
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- C A Heredia, Feb 2018
“With the Grace of Almighty, I have been blessed with a baby boy on the 9th of August. Thanks to Nina Mansukhani and the sweet staff at Jehangir Hospital for making this very special for me. Nina Ma\'am... your positive attitude gives us courage. Thanks again for all the advice and support.”
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“A big thank you to a super doctor Nina Mansukhani who helped me complete my family. Only due to your support and motivation I could deliver two twin angels normally. Thank you to your team, Dr Mehak, Dr Kalyani and all the support staff of Jehangir Hospital who helped me with the delivery of my MCDA twins normally.”
- Priyanka Sharma, Aug 2018
“I went through the most fabulous experience of my life and it was made so comfortable because of Dr. Nina Mansukhani. Her vibrancy and assurance kept me going throughout the 9 months. Today, I delivered a baby boy and the last phase of my experience in labor ward will remain a sweet memory due to the gentleness, caring and encouraging attitude of Dr Nina and her team. They boosted my motivation level and led me through a wonderful labor experience. Everything was perfect. Last but not the least, I was absolutely impressed by the manner in which Dr. Pawan and Dr. Pragati expanded my knowledge about the reason behind each and every step that we took which was very inspiring.”
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