The Scope of Oral Surgery
If the hear the term "oral surgery", it is instantly related to a hospital setting, general anesthesia and recovery period after the procedure. "Oral Surgery", the use of the term is somewhat ambiguous. It is so, because it procedures related to the teeth and also includes procedures for correction of the jaw. Any kind of procedure, such as tooth extraction which could be various reasons such as partially erupted wisdom tooth, damaged tooth due to decay or some other reason, primary tooth not having fallen causing obstruction for permanent tooth, or Orthodontic dentistry performed for cosmetic reasons is different types of Oral Surgery.
Another type of Oral Surgery which is performed is for the correction of the jaw. The reasons could be Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ) and dysfunction which is caused either by trauma or deformation, major or minor trauma, clenching or grinding of the tooth that causes excessive tooth wear, difficulty in chewing, eating, talking, opening and closing the mouth; incorrect jaw position and facial appearance un-proportioned.
Dental Implants are another type of Oral Surgery, which is becoming popular for numerous reasons. It is performed, either to replace a missing tooth, or to give stability to a new or old dentures. The procedure used for an implant depends on the technique used either by the dentist or the oral surgeon, or also on the type of implant used. For most individuals, the recovery for a dental implant is same as for a tooth extraction and normal eating can be restored within few weeks of the implant.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, commonly referred as "oral surgery" is one of the nine specialty areas of Dentistry. In some countries, it is treated as a separate medical specialty although the surgeon practicing may need to have training in dentistry, surgery and general medicine as well. The dental specialty focuses on diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of injury, diseases which are related to functional and aesthetic aspects of the head, neck, face, mouth, teeth and jaws (maxillofacial area).
Oral Surgeon can be in the link of the primary health caregivers, if functional dental concerns, such as keeping teeth, issue related to congenital tissues, control of serious dental disease and injury, and damage that is related to trauma supersede aesthetics reasons. Prosthodontist, work with oral surgeons to develop orthotics, prosthetic appliances that are needed to correct functional defects. If the surgery is related to the face, cosmetic dentist should also be consulted before the procedure. An opinion from a plastic surgeon may also be helpful for any such procedure.
An oral surgeon is skilled for surgical removal of diseased and impacted teeth by administering anesthesia which could be either intravenous sedation or general anesthesia, Placing Dental implants which is done in collaboration with a cosmetic or restorative dentist for a new smile or restoration, Treat facial trauma which could be repair of minor to complex lacerations in the skin, set fractured jaw and facial bones in place, reconnect severed nerves and treat other facial injuries that are related to the oral tissues, jaws, cheek, nasal bones, eye sockets and forehead.
Other than this oral surgery in Pune may be needed for facial pain that may be related to Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) problems. Oral surgeons may order imaging or refer to other dental, medical specialist or physical therapist should there be a need. If non-surgical treatment seems insufficient or damage in the joint is evident only then surgery is performed. Oral surgery is performed for all kind of jaw correction, facial bone and facial soft tissue problem that happens due to trauma or removal of cysts, tumors.
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