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Arthroplasty for diseased joints

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Arthroplasty

Quite often, we hear elderly people complain of pain in the joints, could be knee joints, elbow or any other joints in the body. What are the reasons of such pain? If there are established reasons, what is the cure? Such pain in the joints is related to a number of reasons, injury, wear-tear, age, nutritional deficiency etc.

Such a condition is known as arthritis, and can be of different types depending on the severity. Medication, massage with gels externally, of course is the initial course of treatment, failure of which surgery is the recourse. The procedure is arthroplasty, which may be performed for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other defects which may be congenital or because of trauma. The procedure is performed to replace or reconstruct a diseased joint.

If performed for rheumatoid arthritis, the procedure is performed to restore function of a joint, or to correct a deformity. The procedure works in the way that, bones in the joint can be replaced and all or part of the joint can be replaced with metal, ceramic or plastic parts. What leads to surgery for rheumatoid arthritis? Does it cure the condition completely? Surgery even if performed, does not cure nor does it stops the disease activity. For badly diseased joints, it only provides relief in pain and improves function.

In what situations arthroplasty is performed? How safe is the procedure, and what are its success rates? As with any other procedure, there are both pros and cons of arthroplasty. It is performed if symptoms if medication, joint injections, physical therapy in Pune and exercise fail to work; pain is severe to be tolerated; daily normal activities are hampered; and there is narrowing of the joint space and wear off of cartilage and bone which causes severe pain or reduced range of motion. Of all, the biggest advantage of the process is it relieves pain partially, and restores joint function to the extent for normal daily activities.

Some of the other reasons for the procedure are Osteonecrosis, hip dysplasia which is congenital dislocation of the hip joint, acetabular dysplasia, frozen shoulder, loose shoulder, traumatized and malaligned joint, and joint stiffness. In most cases there are good chances of success of the procedure. But there are some risks as well! Those are the same as for any other surgery, use of anesthesia and other risks such as infection in the artificial joint which requires removing the joint and treating the infection, development of blood clots, loosening of the joints, periprosthetic fracture, mechanical wear and failure.

Jehangir Hospital is the best orthopedic hospital in Pune, comprising of the most qualified doctors and surgeons in India at your service 24 hours.

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