Coronary catheterization to know the coronary arteries.
Conditions and diseases related to the heart are most prevalent in urban areas because of sedentary lifestyle inadequate physical activity to burn excess calories. The disease of the heart which affects a large number of individuals is deposit of plaque such as calcium and fatty materials in the walls of the arteries which causes thickening of the walls of the coronary arteries.
Coronary catheterization is a minimally invasive procedure, both for diagnosis and intervention purpose for access of coronary circulation and blood filled chambers of the heart using a catheter. Coronary catheterization is one of the several diagnostic tests and procedure performed to assess many conditions related to the heart chamber, muscle and peripheral functions. The test is performed to accurately measure heart and lung pressure which can be otherwise not be measured from outside.
Coronary catheterization is the subset of cardiac catheterization in Pune, which is performed to know the condition of the coronary arteries. The test particularly deals with condition of severe atherosclerosis within the walls of the coronary arteries. The other issues which the test deals with, but not so commonly are valvular, heart muscle or arrhythmia.
The luminal narrowing of coronary artery reduces the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart, which can cause intermittent angina. If it reaches a stage of advanced occlusion it may cause heart attack. It has been observed, however that coronary catheterization does not recognize presence or absence of atherosclerosis itself only luminal changes that have occurred as a result of end stage luminal changes due to the process of atherosclerosis.
The people who fall in the high risk category such as those with cardiac symptoms or with high-risk makers for heart problem should undergo coronary catheterization for screening. The people who need to take the test for screening are; patients under 40 who have diabetes have peripheral vascular disease and chances of having a yearly coronary heart disease are more than 2%. The patient who undergoes the test is usually awake and is given local anesthesia. It is safe for the patient to be awake during the procedure, to report any kind of discomfort which can be correctly instantly. The medical equipment, monitors used may sometime not give a reliable picture of the patient well-being, the most reliable way of knowing patient well being can be the patient itself.
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